Dental treatment

The dental treatment offered at dental clinics includes a wide range of services. On this page you can read a short introduction to the most common of dental treatments. You can also follow the links and read more articles about the individual treatments:

Dental treatment

Oral examination and consultation

Any dental treatment should start with a thorough oral examination. An oral examination includes a check-up of your teeth, gums and other oral tissues. After the check-up the dentist should consult with you on the status of your teeth and your dental hygiene, advice you if dental treatment is needed and offer different treatment alternatives for you to choose between. You should always feel welcome to ask questions and to take your time to consider your options and economy before you choose the dental treatment alternative that best suits your needs and means.

Before your first consultation you will be asked to fill in a questionnaire about your previous and present health condition. This information is very important for the dentist in his/her choice of treatment, since some conditions will influence the risks and/or results of certain types of dental treatment.

X-ray examination

During dental treatment x-rays are only taken when there is a suspicion of cavities or other oral disease which cannot be properly diagnosed without the use of x-rays. If you change to a new dentist, you have the right to bring your x-rays from your previous dentist. Your new dentist might also be able to help you retrieve them. This would save you money and also spares you from unnecessary radiation.

You can read more about the different kinds of x-rays here.

Teeth cleaning

A teeth cleaning is a very common dental treatment which most people need now and then in order to thoroughly remove plaque, calculus and stain from the crown and root surfaces of your teeth. Superficial stains on the teeth can normally be removed with a regular cleaning treatment. For removal of deeper stains and whitening of miscolored teeth you might need a whitening treatment.

You can read more about the different kinds of teeth cleaning here.


A filling is the most common dental treatment when part of the tooth structure is lost due to e.g. caries or trauma. For filling materials you can normally choose between composite plast, glasionomer and amalgam. The different materials are all useful in different cases. Your dentist will advise you on which material is the best alternative in your case.

Dental crowns

A dental crown is a dental treatment where the tooth is completely covered with a cap made of gold, porcelain or plast. This dental treatment is normally chosen when there is not enough natural tooth structure left to support a filling. For a crown to last as long as possible it is absolutely vital that it fits perfectly on the natural tooth. If the contact line between the natural tooth and the crown is not completely smooth, food and plaque can build up and cause cavities under the crown. This is often a problem where standard size crowns are used for all patients. Before a crown is made, impressions and x-rays are taken of your teeth to create a mold for a perfect fit of your new crown.

Dental bridges

A dental bridge is a dental treatment used to replace lost teeth by fixing a replacement crown to the neighboring teeth. The strongest kind of dental bridge is one where the neighboring teeth are also capped with crowns and the whole bridge is cast together. A cheaper and quicker solution is to etch the replacement crown onto the natural surface of the neighboring teeth, but the result is normally not very lasting.

Root canal therapy
Root canal therapy (or endodontic therapy) is a dental treatment where the nerve of the tooth is replaced with a soft filling material called Gutta-percha. This dental treatment is necessary when the nerve of the tooth is infected or has died due to deep cavities or trauma to the tooth. Root canal therapy is not an easy task for the dentist, because the work takes place in an area which is out of sight – inside the root of the tooth.

Tooth extraction

Dental extraction is the surgical removal of a tooth from the mouth. Extractions are performed for a number of reasons e.g. when a tooth is decayed to the extent that it cannot be restored. Extractions of problematic wisdom teeth are a very common dental treatment. Also,  in connection with orthodontic treatment (braces) it is often necessary to extract teeth in order to make space. Whether an extraction is easy or a little more complicated depends mostly on the shape of the roots of the tooth. An x-ray will show whether a tooth needs to be removed surgically or not and what the price would be for this dental treatment.

Cosmetic Dentistry
Cosmetic dentistry includes many different kinds of dental treatment that are all aimed at improving the appearance of your smile. See our Cosmetic Dentistry page for more information and articles about this subject.


Orthodontics is the science of correcting teeth for both functional and cosmetic purposes. It is a dental treatment that normally requires specialized dentists.

Dental braces

Dental braces are the most common tool used to align teeth and their position. They are often used in dental treatment to correct problems such as underbites, overbites, cross bites and open bites, or crooked teeth and various other flaws of teeth and jaws. Braces are mainly used on children, but adults can use them too. As long as the jaws and gums are still healthy, it is never too late to correct your teeth.


Dentures are used to replace teeth when several or all teeth are missing in either the upper or lower jaw. In contrast to crowns and bridges that are supported by the natural teeth, dentures are supported by the soft tissues in the mouth. Dentures can be divided into several categories that are all suitable for different situations and needs.

See our Dentures page for more information.

Implants is a dental treatment where not only the crown of your tooth, but also the root is replaced. A titanium ‘root’ is embedded in your jaw and a porcelain crown is attached on top to provide a 100% replacement of the missing tooth. An implant will function and feel the same as a natural tooth, and with the proper care it can last a lifetime. Implants are especially a good alternative to bridges, because the cost would often be same and a good result can be achieved without needing to cap the neighboring teeth. Implants are also used to stabilize dentures through attachment systems. For these reasons, implants are becoming an increasingly popular dental treatment.

You can read more about the different kinds of dental treatment in the related articles links below:

X-rays in the dental clinic – what and why?
Regular cleaning, deep cleaning and root planning – what do they include?